Lepomis Macrochirus



Lake, Pond, River

1 - 2 pounds

6" - 16"


Also Known As: Bream, Brim

Guides Who Fish This Species

Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)

Bluegill is a freshwater gamefish and is popular for its taste and spunky fight.it resembles redear sunfish and orange-spotted sunfish. Bluegills are literally found in every area of the country. The body color of the bluegill depends on its habitat and environment. The body color can be bluish-purple, dark blue, green, or olive green and have vertical 6 to 8 stripes. Female Bluegill has white belly while a breeding male can have a rusty red or orange belly. It has 3 anal fin spines and dorsal fin with 10 - 11 spines.

Bluegill Size and Weight

Bluegill average approximately 8 inches, but can reach up to 16 inches. They usually weigh about a half-pound. Bluegills can grow larger with age and are expected to live up to 10 years.

Bluegill Interesting Facts

• Bluegills are said to be excellent swimmers. They can change their direction very quickly by adjusting their fin movements. The shape of their body helps to reduce water resistance and allows them to move very fast. • They are usually found in a school of 10-20. • Breeding males are most colorful among bluegills. • Bluegill is also used as bait and lure for bigger fishes.

Bluegill Spawning

Lepomis macrochirus maturity age depends on the habitat and environment, but mostly they mature at the age of 2 or 3 years. As the water temperature reaches 70 F, the spawning season begins. It takes place from April to September. After the female lays eggs, the nest is guarded by the male. After reaching a certain length, the younglings leave the nest for deep waters.

Bluegill Food

Bluegills mostly feed on insects, zooplankton, worms, eggs, snails, and small fish. But they are not much picky about their food, and also consume human scraps such as bread, corns, and crackers.

Bluegill Fishing

Bluegills usually hunt for food at dusk and dawn. They can be caught year-round, but spring and early summer are recommended seasons. • Spin casting with worms is extremely effective catching bluegill. • If you are planning a fishing trip with young children, go after Bluegill. They are not picky and will put up a good fight. Using a bobber with a worm will allow even the youngest angler to enjoy the day. • If you are a fly-rod expert, then try laying a spider bubble or fly at the bluegill’s spawning spots. • As bluegill has a small mouth, jig fishing with small hooks is a good option. • Float rigs such as waggler float and bubble rig work great.

Bluegill Baits and lures:

Lure and baits include: • Worms • Bread • Minnows • Small jigs • Insects • Bugs

Bluegill Habitat and Distribution

Bluegill is found mostly in ponds and lakes. They usually live in shallow and along shorelines. They prefer a vegetated or weed-rich area, or fallen logs and sunken objects where they can hide. Clear, quiet, and warm water with suitable hiding places are its favorite, like under a dock.
Bluegill is endemic to the Eastern half of America. They can be found in Far East states such as Florida up to far west such as New Mexico. They have also been introduced in North America, Europe, South Africa, Asia, South America, and Oceania.