Salvelinus Fontinalis



Lake, River

1 - 6 pounds

10" - 34"

Brook Trout Game Fish Quality Excellent
Brook Trout Meal Quality Excellent
Brook Trout Fly Fishing Quality Very Good

Brook Trout 

Brook Trout 
Also Known As: Brookie, Char, Eastern Brook Trout, Native Trout, Speckled Trout, Specks, Squaretail

Brook Trout Description (Salvelinus fontinalis)

Brook Trout is a small spirited and freshwater game fish that can easily be distinguished from other trout species by its unique colors. Eight states have named the native brook trout as the state fish. Salvelinus fontinalis is also called speckled trout and is a type of charr. It is similar to Splake or lake trout. These fish have wavy stripes on the back and the head, which also appear on dorsal, adipose and caudal fins. Brook trout has a milky brown belly and olive-green back with yellow spots. The side has red or orange spots circled with blue. Pink lower fins have white and a black streak.

Brook Trout Size and Weight

Depending on the habitat, these fish can grow from 8-24 inches and weigh about 1-9.5 pounds. In Ontario,

Brook Trout Interesting Facts

• Brook trout can be used as indicator species for polluted water. • They are more suited to wildlife then captivity. • Their average life span is 5 years. • The male develops a hump and lively colors when ready to mate. • Brook trout can be ‘salter’ as they keep traveling from freshwater to saltwater and vice versa.

Brook Trout Distribution

Brook trout can be found in the northeastern United States, Alaska, the Canadian Maritimes, Labrador, and Newfoundland, and are also present in Quebec and Ontario rivers and streams. Brook Trout HeatMap

Brook Trout Habitat

The Brook trout population is very intolerant to environmental changes and can be found in ponds, creeks, small rivers, streams, and lakes. They prefer low temperatures below 68 °F and clean water.

Brook Trout Spawning

The spawning season begins in late fall and early winter. Female wild brook trout choose a suitable spot with loose gravelly bottoms and lays the fertilized eggs. The eggs are then covered with gravel until they hatch in spring, and move towards shallow water to find food and protection.

Brook Trout Food

Brook trout usually feeds on worms, leeches, minnows, crayfish, amphibians, and insects. Some larger Brook trout also prey on small fish, mice, voles, lemmings, and shrews.

Brook Trout Fishing

Anglers love catching wild brook trout because of the difficulty catching this species. Unlike the larger rainbow trout and brown trout, brook trout are found in much smaller and remote rivers. They can be found in shallow areas, hiding near fallen trees and boulders. Fly fishing brook trout with light gear can be quite exciting. • For fly fishing Brook trout, find the coldest, cleanest water and use a lightweight rod. • Lake varieties can be fished by trolling techniques. • In tributaries, apply float fishing using small baits. Small spinners and plugs can also be used. • A snelled spinner with a worm is also a good option.

Brook Trout Baits and Lures

Baits and lures for brook trout include: • Spinner • Spoon • Jigs • Flies • Worms • Minnows • Small plugs • Roe • Live insects

The Trout Family

Trout are members of the family Salmonidae, order Salmoniformes. The native trout family is closely related to salmon. A top fly fishing family of fish that are both tremendous game fish and tasty eating fish. Found in small streams, large rivers, and any trout stream with the right water temperature, aquatic insects, and clean water. The trout species is usually restricted to freshwater, though a few types migrate to the sea between spawnings.

Members of the trout species include Rainbow Trout, Brown Trout, Brook Trout, Lake Trout, Steelhead Trout, Bull Trout, Cutthroat Trout, Apache Trout and several other smaller species.