Tylosurus Acus

Lake, River

2 - 40 pounds

13" - 39"

Brown Trout Game Fish Quality Excellent
Brown Trout Meal Quality Decent
Brown Trout Fly Fishing Quality Excellent

Brown Trout

Brown Trout
Also Known As: Salmo Trutta

Brown trout (Salmo trutta)

Brown Trout are a medium-sized premier cold-water game and sport fish. It has been introduced in suitable environments globally and is considered the backbone of many fisheries. Brown trout is similar to Brook trout, Chinook salmon, Coho salmon, and Rainbow trout. Colorado River, Colorado, and White River, Arkansas are excellent for trout fishing. These fish have brown or golden-brown backs and yellowish or white belly. Back and sides are covered with black spots. Head and tail are sometimes spotted. There is a small reddish or orange adipose fin near the tail.

Brown Trout Size and Weight

The average length of brown trout is between 8-24 inches but can grow up to 39 inches as well depending on the habitat. They can weigh from 1 – 9.5 pounds.

Brown trout Interesting Facts

  • Depending on its habitat, this trout species is also known as Lake trout and sea trout or sea-run brown trout
  • Lake trout are purely freshwater ecotype, while sea trout are anadromous in nature
  • Brown trout can be distinguished from similar salmon by their vomerine teeth
  • Wild brown trout mostly live for 12 years but can have extended life span up to 18 or 20 years

Brown trout Distribution and HeatMap

Brown trout can be found mostly in every continent except Antarctica. It is available in the water bodies of North America, Northern Canada, and Alaska. The range also extends from coastal rivers from Long Island, New York to Maritime Provinces and Quebec. Brown Trout Fish United States Fishing Heatmap

Brown trout Habitat

Brown trout prefer to live in covers and cool, clear, and calm waters. A temperature of 54°F to 65°F is ideal for these fishes but can survive up to 75°F. Sea trout travel to seawater or ocean and return to freshwater home for spawning.

Brown Trout Spawning

The spawning season for these fishes start in fall and early winter, and the river trout mostly look for head riffle or freshwater stream to spawn. The site is dug by Brown trout female, where the eggs are laid and covered with gravels. Hatching occurs in spring.

Brown trout Food Brown trout consume aquatic insects, salamanders, frogs, worms, crustacean mollusks, and other fishes. In the sea, they can eat alewives and other small fish.

Brown Trout Fishing

In fall, brown trout feed aggressively at night. They can be found in deep pools, overgrown vegetation, or hiding near rocks. Many anglers recommend fishing for them near piers, and some consider fly fishing the only way for fishing them in streams. Trophy brown trout can be caught with streamers in the deep pools, they are hard to catch unless you hit fall spawning season in the fall.

• For fly fishing, dry fly or crawfish imitation can be used. Anglers can use a fly rod of 9 ft. length and 5 weight for excellent results. They can use the line of 4-6 weight. • In Great Lakes, trolling is an ideal option, or small spinners or baits can be used under afloat

Brown Trout Baits and Lures:

Few baits and lures used are: • Streamers • Woolly Bugger • Pheasant Tail Nymph • Crayfish • Green Caddis

The Trout Family

Trout are members of the family Salmonidae, order Salmoniformes. The native trout family is closely related to salmon. A top fly fishing family of fish that are both tremendous game fish and tasty eating fish. Found in small streams, large rivers, and any trout stream with the right water temperature, aquatic insects, and clean water. The trout species is usually restricted to freshwater, though a few types migrate to the sea between spawnings.

Members of the trout species include Rainbow Trout, Brown Trout, Brook Trout, Lake Trout, Bull Trout, Cutthroat Trout, Apache Trout and several other smaller species.