Carcharhinus Leucas

Carcharhinidae

Carcharhiniformes

Warm, Shallow Nearshore, River

200 - 500 pounds

84" - 142"

Bull Shark Meal Quality Excellent
Bull Shark Game Fish Quality Decent
Bull Shark Fly Fishing Quality Poor

Bull Shark 

Bull Shark 
Also Known As: Cub Shark, Ground Shark, Shark  

Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas)

The bull shark is a known aggressive species of sharks, native to shallow coastal waters in warm areas. They are gray at the top and white beneath, and their fins have dark edges, especially in young ones. They are found cruising the warm and shallow waters of all the world's oceans and are capable of moving into brackish water, where saltwater and freshwater mix.

Bull Shark Size

The world record bull shark is 13 feet long. The female bull sharks can grow more substantial than the male. The pups are 2-3 feet long at birth. Their weight varies according to their length, from 209 to 285 pounds. The male is lighter and taller, while the females are shorter and more substantial. A healthy bull shark lifespan is about 12 years old, but records indicate that 16 years is possible.

Interesting Bull Shark Facts

  • Bull sharks need salt in their body to survive. When excess salt accumulates in its body, a rectal gland excretes the excess. Their rectal gland is less active than that of the other shark species, which makes them live in freshwater. When their body needs more salt, the liver produces ureas, which allow the fish to adapt to any changes in salinity.
  • They are viviparous fish, which means they give birth to their young as mammals. The female bull shark carries their pups; they can have up to 13 of them, for 10 to 11 months, and then give birth. Once they are born, their mother swims away, leaving the pups to survive alone, and they can survive on their own because they are already more than two feet long at birth.

Bull Shark Habitat

Bull sharks are the top predator found in coastal waters around the world. They live in the Amazon and Mississippi Rivers. Bull Sharks is a summer visitor to the Chesapeake Bay, which occurs from late June through September. They are known to live in freshwater lakes and rivers.

Bull Shark Distribution

Bull sharks are found in coastal waters of the oceans worldwide, and in rivers, lakes, along with deep streams. They span from Massachusetts to Brazil in the United States, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. They can also be found from the Gulf of California to Peru, and between Australia and Vietnam, and off the coast of Africa, as well as the Ganges River in India.

Bull Shark Fishing

Float angling or natural bait is more productive when hunting this species; the options include whole fish like bream herrings, mullet, or cut fish like mackerel, bonito, red mullet, and barracuda. The cut fish can be dipped in tuna oil to improve the scent. Bull sharks will respond well to a chum. Once they are on the surface, they will easily beat topwater lures like plugs or even flies. In my opinion, the best trick for bull sharks in freshwater eel. Eel is excellent bait due to its high oil content, and its firm skin makes it very resistant to pickers.