1 - 12 pounds
10" - 28"
Also known as Saltwater Catfish, or Hardhead, the Hardhead Sea Catfish is one of the four species under the Ariopsis genus; it is primarily associated with its relative, the Gafftopsail Catfish (Bagre marinus).
The Hardhead Sea Catfish’s body is elongated and scale-free. Its caudal fin is forker. Its underside is white but it is often dirty gray on top with green or blue tones at times. It has four barbels under its chin, and two more at the edges of its mouth. These barbels help the Hardhead Sea Catfish find its prey. It has dorsal and pectoral fins which are supported by a barbed spine that is sharp and covered in slime.
As an opportunistic consumer, the Hardhead Sea Catfish feeds on shrimp, fish, crabs, polychaetes, gastropods, sea cucumbers, gastropods, cnidarians, seagrasses, and algae. The juvenile Hardhead Sea Catfish eats annelids, mollusks, and amphipods while the adult ones tend to eat larger fish.
Typically, Hardhead Sea Catfish measure up to 12 inches in length and around 3 pounds in weight. Some can weigh only one pound whereas some reach up to 12 pounds. Some Hardhead Sea Catfish can also measure up to 28 inches.