Micropterus Salmoides

Centrarchidae

Perciformes

Lake, Pond, Rivers

2 - 22 pounds

15" - 32"

Largemouth Bass

Also Known As: Green Trout, Black Bass

Guides Who Fish This Species

Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) 

It is the most famous and biggest member of the sunfish family and is a renowned game fish. Largemouth Bass has a green or olive-green color body and dark or black horizontal markings on its body giving it the nickname black bass. It has a slightly forked tail and the soft rays on dorsal fins are separated by deep points. 

The average adult Largemouth Bass averages 12 inches to 24 inches and weighing between 1 to 4.5 pounds. 

Interesting facts: 

  • They are appropriately named having an exceptionally large mouth and when opened, the upper jaw goes well beyond its eyes.
  • They are an angler's favorite as they give quite a fight when reeled out of water.
  • Largemouth can detect their prey’s vibrations using their sixth sense called lateral lines as well as their keen sense of smell.
  • Largemouth Bass are attracted to red color.

Habitat and Distribution

Largemouth Bass Fish United States Fishing Heatmap

The Largemouth Bass mostly live in ponds, lakes, and medium-sized water bodies, but can be found near ditches and creeks. They like a warm place abundant in weeds and shallow muddy waters. The Largemouth Bass is only native to North America and is densely populated in the eastern and southernmost states.  They now have been expanded to every state of America except Hawaii and Alaska. Due to its popularity as a game fish, the species has been introduced in many countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, and Central America.

Spawning 

When matured, largemouth bass usually spawns from late winter to late spring. The eggs are guarded by the male. When hatched the school remains for about 3 to 4 weeks under their father’s protection before dispersing. The optimum temperature when the eggs are laid is a steady 60 ºF or higher. 

Food 

The Largemouth Bass's food consists of other fishes such as gizzard, shad, threadfin shad, golden shiners, bluegills, catfish, crayfish, and other smaller fishes. Snakes, salamanders, mice, bats, frogs, and other creatures are also victim