Freshwater Rivers, Lakes, Streams
3 - 5 pounds
10" - 28"
This mountain whitefish is predominantly found in streams, but numbers have also been observed in reservoirs and lakes. Their population grows the most in clear and cold temperature rivers in the northwest area of North America, and usually co-habitat with trout.
Typically, this fish has a columnar shape with large scales and has a bronze-white or greenish-white color. Their needle-like snouts and narrow but rounded mouths make them competent in slurping up invertebrates and zooplankton from the bed’s bottom.
The mountain whitefish’s feeding peaks during the winter seasons, and consists mostly of bottom-dwelling aquatic insects. This carnivorous fish has been known to feed on terrestrial insects, smaller fish, and even fish eggs.
Mountain whitefish can weigh up to 5 pounds and grow to about 10-16 inches. While this small fish does not normally grow greater than 20 inches, the world record caught from the Columbia River in 1983, weighed 5 pounds and 2 ounces.
The habitat range of the mountain whitefish stretches from the McKenzie River in Canada’s Northwest Territories to the Green River basin Utah. They can also be found in the drainages of some Pacific coastal rivers of Briti