1 - 4 pounds
12" - 27"
Smallmouth bass belongs to the Sunfish family (Centrarchidae family) and is a famous freshwater fish among the anglers. It is also known as smallie, green trout, brown bass, bronze-back, and bareback bass.
Smallmouth bass has a dark green or black color body, with vertical dark brown stripes that usually fade with age. Their eyes appear to be red or brown. But the color contrast may vary depending on the fish’s habitat. Smallmouth bass can be identified by its fin. It has two dorsal fins; the front one has 9 to 11 fin spines while the other has 10 to 15 soft rays.
Female smallmouth bass are usually larger in size than the males. The average size of smallmouth bass can be 18 inches – 20 inches. The size keeps on increasing with the age and on average it usually lives for about 5 to 6 years but can survive up to 15 years as well. Smallmouth bass found in lakes are larger than those found in streams and ponds. Female smallmouth bass usually weigh from three to six pounds, while the males are around 2 pounds.
This specie can be found in clear waters, such as ponds and lakes, or a small body of river and prefers rubble and rocky bottom. Their eggs can be found near the shoreline and they spawn during the spring season when the water temperature is about 59°F - 65 °F. Smallmouth bass prefers moderate temperature so swims deeper in the water during summer.
Most smallmouth bass’s food include small fishes, crayfish, and insects. It hides behind a fallen tree or a rock and attacks when the prey is near.
A light breeze and calm waters are best suited to catch smallmouth bass. In spring, they like to swim in open waters during bright days and warm temperatures. In summer they swim deep underwater and are hard to find. In fall they appear near shallows. It is best to fish smallmouth early morning or late evening.
Smallmouth bass are said to be fighters when caught. Usually, a spinning rod of light to medium action with a 6 to 10 pounds test line is preferred. Different methods adopted for catching smallmouth bass are spin casting, live bait fishing, drift fishing, and even trolling. The most common baits and lures used are: • Insects • Jigs • Minnows • Plugs • Plastic worms • Spinning baits • Spoons • Night crawler • Small shad • Crayfish
Yes, it is very good for fly fishing due to their abundance and strength. Many fly fisherman catch smallmouth bass while targeting other fish. Smallmouth bass put up a great fight on a fly.