Genyonemus Lineatus

Sciaenidae

Perciformes

Nearshore, Offshore, Bays

0 - 1 pounds

8" - 16"

White Croaker

Also Known As: Pasadena Trout, Tomcod, Kingfish, Tommy Croaker, Little Bass

Guides Who Fish This Species

White Croaker (Genyonemus lineatus) Fish Description

The White Croaker is a small to medium-sized saltwater fish that has a brown to yellow color with a silvery bottom and has an elongated body. To help differentiate it from the closely-resembled relative the yellowfin croaker, the white croaker has a black spot under its pectoral fin. They also have 12 to 15 dorsal spines (most croakers don’t exceed 11). 

Like its relative the yellowfin croaker, the white croaker is a bottom feeder fish that eats a variety of fishes, shrimps, squids, worms, crabs, clams, and even octopi. They even eat carcasses if given the opportunity.

 

Interesting Facts About the White Croaker

  • Unlike its other croaker relatives, the white croaker lacks barbels which also helps it differentiate from its cousins.
  • Like other croakers, they can make “croaking” sounds with their swim bladders, hence the name croaker.
  • Some areas of California do not advise to eat white croaker since they have high contaminants of DDTs and PCBs. They’re also known as fatty fish, which makes them more dangerous to eat since their fatty tissues help build up DDTs and PCBs. Areas not advisable to eat white croakers are Cabrillo Pier, San Pedro/ White Point, Horshoe Kelp, Pier J and Belmont Pier, Palos Verdes Pt., and Pt. Vicente

 

Size

The biggest white croaker caught was 16.3 inches and the heaviest was 1 lb and 6 ½ oz.  On average, white croakers are only 8 to 9 inches and weigh less than a pound.

 

Habitat and Distribution

The white croaker is mostly found in the eastern Pacific waters of the U.S. They thrive in offshore, bays, and nearshore waters. The white croaker’s range is from Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Vancouver Islands, and British Columbia. They can also be found in the waters of San Francisco but they are not plenty there. Famous fishing spots for this game fish are located in Salsipuedes Creek, Santa Cruz Pier, Borregas Creek, and Soquel Cove.

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