Haemulon Plumierii

Haemulidae

Perciformes

Offshore, Inshore, Backcountry

2 - 6 pounds

6" - 14"

White Grunt

Also Known As: Common Grunt, Flannelmouth Grunt, Black Grunt, Redmouth Grunt, Boar Grunt, Gray Grunt, White Snapper, Ruby Red Lips, Key West Grunt

Guides Who Fish This Species

White Grunt (Haemulon plumierii) Fish Description

Also known as a common grunt, flannelmouth grunt, black grunt, redmouth grunt, boar grunt, gray grunt, white snapper, ruby red lips, and Key West grunt, the White Grunt is native to the Atlantic Ocean. 

The White Grunt’s body is silvery-blue to creamy yellow and bronze in color. It has numerous vertical stripes colored blue and yellow. However, it can also change its colors depending on its environment. The White Grunt resembles the French grunt and the blue striped grunt; sometimes, these cousins would school together. 

The White Grunt has a distinct red snout and an elongated almond-shaped body. It also has a forked caudal tail and falcate pectoral fins. Its anal and dorsal fins are completely embedded with scales. This species has a strong and fixed lower jawbone, unlike snappers or groupers. The White Grunt also has numerous rough teeth and dorsal spines.

White Grunts have no canines; instead, they have small and blunt teeth on the jaws and none on the roof of their mouths. Their pharyngeal teeth, however, are well developed.

 

Diet and Size

The White Grunt, as a nocturnal and typical carnivore, feasts on mollusks, echinoderms, annelids, and benthic crustaceans especially shrimp.  The young White Grunt feeds on copepods and plankton. White Grunts are prey to the shark, barracuda, lizardfishes, groupers, and snappers, among others.

On average, the White Grunt can grow from 6 up to 12 inches and weigh about 5.5 pounds. It can weigh up to 15 pounds and some are recorded to have reached 20 inches in length. The average life span of White Grunts is 9 to 12 years.

 

Interesting Facts About the White Grunt