Morone Americana

Moronidae

Perciformes

inshore

0 - 3 pounds

7" - 19"

White Perch 

The White Perch (Morone americana) Fish Description

The White Perch is a small freshwater game fish. It is silvery in color with a dark, high-domed back. It has 3 anal spines and several spines in its dorsal fins. They are carnivorous and their diet consists of insects, squids, fish eggs, small crabs, and small fish. 

This fish mainly thrives in brackish waters like estuaries but it can also live in freshwaters as well.

 

Interesting Facts About the White Perch

  • Despite its name, the white perch is actually a member of the bass family, which is why its body resembles more of a bass.
  • The white perch loves to eat eggs. It is considered a pest for some states because it can destroy fisheries; they eat the eggs of other species and outcompete other species on food and space.
  • The white perch is semi-anadromous. They live in brackish waters but migrate to freshwaters to spawn.
  • Their eggs are clump together and have an adhesive quality that helps them attached to vegetation and rocks. The parents leave the eggs on their own once they have laid them.

 

White Perch Size

The white perch is a small fish with an average size of 7-10 inches and it usually weighs less than a pound. The biggest one ever caught was 19 inches and the heaviest was 3.48 lbs.

 

White Perch Habitat & Distribution

The fish can be found in several places in North America,  scattered along the western Atlantic ocean. Their range is from Nova Scotia to South Carolina. They thrive in brackish waters so look for tributaries and estuaries to find one. Go check the Chesapeake Bay and Hudson river where they are most abundant. If you want to get adults, check open waters that are close to the shore.

Anglers have a higher chance of finding one catch during spring. From April to June, when the temperature hits 50-60°F, large schools of white perch will migrate to slightly brackish rivers with fine gravel or sand to spawn their eggs. A female can lay 20,000 to 300,000 eggs per spawn.

 

White Perch Fishing Techni