Cichla Ocellaris

Cichlidae

Perciformes

River, Lake, Canal

3 - 15 pounds

10" - 29"

Peacock Bass

Also Known As: Peacock Cichlid, Butterfly Peacock Bass, Peacock Bass, Pavón, Tucunaré, Tuc, Tucunare Comun, Eyespot Cichlid, Lukanani 

Guides Who Fish This Species

Peacock Bass (Cichla Ocellaris) Description

The Peacock Bass has a slanting forehead with an elongated body and a large mouth with a protruding lower jaw. Its body and fins are a mix of yellows, greens, light red, and orange and will vary with each individual. Normally, they're olive-green on the back gradually fading to a yellow-orange or even white towards the underside.

The common characteristic this fish will share is three vertical black lines along its sides, which fade as it matures. They may have several dark splotches on their sides, and larger adults may have a yellow-orange stripe from their snout to the base of the tail. They have a black spot or ocellus with a yellow or silver border on their rounded caudal fin which resembles a peacock’s feathers.

The Peacock Bass is not related to any other bass and is only similar in size and shape to the American largemouth bass.  

Diet and Size

The Peacock Bass grows fast and can reach an average length of 12-14 inches in less than 2 years. The largest unofficial record of this fish is 35 inches. 

The Peacock Bass is predatory and will feed on almost any other fish, but prefers tilapia, oscar, crayfish, tadpoles, mosquitofish, minnows, and guppies. 

Its speed and large mouth lead them to be successful hunters.  They feed during the day. Ideally, it can add up to 1.5 pounds in weight for every extra inch it grows. This fish typically lives up to 6-10 years of age. 

 

Interesting Facts 

  • It was introduced to Florida in 1984 to manage the populations of tilapia and oscar from northeastern South America. &n