Nearshore, Offshore, Sandy or Muddy Ocean Floor
40 - 66 pounds
33" - 49"
What makes this distinct from its relatives is the remarkable crest and large adipose flap on its head. The body of the Great Northern Tilefish is blue-green, and its belly, white. During spawning season, the color of its head turns pinkish from being light blue. The area underneath its eyes has a blue hue.
The extreme ends of its anal fin are purplish-blue, while its pectoral fins are sepia-colored.
The major part of the Great Northern Tilefish’s diet is zooplankton. Both young and adult ones feed on fishes, crustaceans, and benthic invertebrates. They also like herring (see Atlantic Herring, and Pacific Herring), hagfish, mackerel (see Atlantic Mackerel, Cero Mackerel, King Mackerel, Spanish Mackerel, and Chub Mackerel), Atlantic dogfish, squid, and bivalve mollusks.
Great Northern Tilefish can grow between 38 to 44 inches on average. Males are larger than females who only measure up to 39 inches in length. They can live around 25 to 35 years. Female Great Northern Tilefish tend to live longer than males.
To catch Great Northern Tilefish, find a soft muddy bottom around 600 to 800 feet deep and fish for them there. Drop a lead to the bottom; this will serve as a stimulus, making them so curious as to approach it. Powered reels and wire lines are also sometimes used to capture Great Northern Tilefish, especially by charter boat anglers. Use baits like pieces of barracuda, mackerel, squid, tuna, and bonito.
Regulations have been put in place to prevent overfishing of the Great Northern Tilefish. The limitations include gear restrictions and catch limits to avoid damaging their natural habitats. Due to these measures, their population increased around a decade ago.
However, studies have observed that their average size now has significantly decreased compared to those observed in the 1980s.
Great Northern Tilefish are generally abundant in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, from Nantucket Shoals and Georges Bank to the East Coast and the Gulf of Mexico. They live in waters as deep as 300 to 480 feet with temperatures around 76 °F to 78 °F.
Some reports, however, state that Great Northern Tilefish stay at the bottom as deep as 250 to 1,500 feet with temperatures ranging from 49 °F to 58 °F. The decline in the population of this species could be a serious threat to the symbiosis in the continental shelf not only for the Great Northern Tilefish but also the other organisms that use their burrows as shelter.
In 2007, certain states decreased the allowable limit for the number of Great Northern Tilefish caught by one third.