1 - 20 pounds
16" - 48"
Rainbow Trout Fish Species (Oncorhynchus Mykiss)
Rainbow trout is a popular game fish known for its attractive color and ability to swim upstream. It belongs to the Salmonidae family. Other names include steelhead, red-sides, River trout, and silver trout.
Rainbow Trout Interesting Facts • Rainbow trout starts spawning at age of 3 or 4 years. • They have a life span of 4-6 years but can live up to 11 years as well. • As this specie can only live in clean water, they are very good indicators of pollution. • A water temperature of 55°F to 64°F is preferred by the rainbow trout, but they can also survive up to 70 °F.
Rainbow Trout is native of the United States including the Pacific coast from Mexico to Alaska, northeastern and central United States along with the eastern coast of Asia.
Rainbow trout can be found in freshwater bodies such as rivers and streams. They prefer a place with an abundance of natural covers such as water vegetation, weeds, and gravelly shoreline. Rainbow trout can be found in streams where the currents are strong and water flow is fast but also do well in cool and deep water.
The spawning season starts in late winter or early spring and can go through early summer as well. During this time, the male Rainbow trout finds a shallow place with gravels or a clear water inlet/outlet. The female lays eggs there. Depending on the water temperature, hatching takes a few weeks to 4 months. After hatching, they keep themselves in hiding until they reach 2 to 3 years and then go into deep waters.
They are predators and mostly feed on insects, small fish, and crustaceans. Rainbow trout also eat eggs, other rainbow trout, and even feast on leftover carcasses.
The appearance of a rainbow trout depends on habitat, gender, age, and maturity. Mostly the upper body color ranges from bluish-green to olive green, while they are silver to whitish near the belly. A horizontal pink stripe is present on each side of the body. The body is covered with black spots and can extend to dorsal fins, tail and anal fins.
A Rainbow trout can vary in length from 8 inches to 24 inches. The largest Rainbow trout was fished in Canada in 2009 and weighed 48 pounds. The average weight of the specie is from 2 to 8 pounds.
They can be found near gravelly shorelines in the river, or in a downstream flow. In summer, they go to cooler depths. It is recommended to fish rainbow trout during their feeding time, which can be at dusk or late evening. Fly fishing is popular for rainbow trout and we give it a 3 out of 4 for fly fishing. Best fishing techniques include:
• Nymphing fly fishing • Dry fly fishing for rising fish • Emergers & Buggers fly fishing • Keeping bait off the bottom • Retrieving a bait • Hanging lure below a bobber • Drifting an artificial lure
Common baits and lures for rainbow trout are: • Spoons • Spinners • Plugs • Worms • Flies • Roe • Egg sac
Trout are members of the family Salmonidae, order Salmoniformes. The native trout family is closely related to salmon. A top fly fishing family of fish that are both tremendous game fish and tasty eating fish. Found in small streams, large rivers, and any trout stream with the right water temperature, aquatic insects, and clean water. The trout species is usually restricted to freshwater, though a few types migrate to the sea between spawnings.