Freshwater Fish & Saltwater Fish of North America

Leatherjacket

Habitat: Coral Reefs, Sand, Inshore, Nearshore

Weight: 8 - 10 Pounds

Length: 10" - 14"

Lemon Shark

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Reef, Bay

Weight: 150 - 220 Pounds

Length: 96" - 134"

Leopard Shark

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Reef

Weight: 10 - 44 Pounds

Length: 50" - 78"

Lesser Amberjack

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore

Weight: 8 - 12 Pounds

Length: 19" - 27"

Little Tunny

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Offshore

Weight: 5 - 15 Pounds

Length: 24" - 48"

Longnose Gar

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Marsh, Rivers

Weight: 30 - 55 Pounds

Length: 28" - 72"

Lookdown

Habitat: Reefs, inshore, offshore

Weight: 2 - 3 Pounds

Length: 12" - 19"

Milkfish

Habitat: Mangrove Swamps, Estuaries, Coral Reefs,

Weight: 2 - 31 Pounds

Length: 39" - 71"

Misty Grouper

Habitat: Offshore, Deepwater

Weight: 15 - 119 Pounds

Length: 45" - 63"

Mountain Whitefish

Habitat: Freshwater Rivers, Lakes, Streams

Weight: 3 - 5 Pounds

Length: 10" - 28"

Mozambique Tilapia

Habitat: Lake, River, Backcountry

Weight: 1 - 1 Pounds

Length: 12" - 15"

Muskellunge

Habitat: Weedy Edges, Rocky Shoals, Shallow Waters

Weight: 15 - 70 Pounds

Length: 24" - 72"

Mutton Snapper

Habitat: Onshore, Reef, Nearshore, Backcountry

Weight: 5 - 15 Pounds

Length: 0" - 20"

Nassau Grouper

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore, Shallow Reef

Weight: 30 - 55 Pounds

Length: 28" - 48"

Northern Kingfish

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck

Weight: 1 - 3 Pounds

Length: 10" - 18"

Northern Pike

Habitat: Onshore

Weight: 2 - 28 Pounds

Length: 16" - 54"

Northern Pikeminnow

Habitat: Lakes, Slow Rivers, Backwaters of Streams and Rivers

Weight: 2 - 8 Pounds

Length: 1" - 25"

Northern Stargazer

Habitat: Onshore, Oceanfloor, Sandy

Weight: 6 - 13 Pounds

Length: 8" - 23"

Ocean Whitefish

Habitat: Offshore, Nearshore, Piers, Jetties

Weight: 5 - 13 Pounds

Length: 12" - 40"

Oceanic Whitetip Shark

Habitat: Offshore

Weight: 202 - 370 Pounds

Length: 120" - 157"

Opah

Habitat: Offshore

Weight: 1 - 180 Pounds

Length: 1" - 79"

Oyster Toadfish

Habitat: Wrecks, reefs

Weight: 3 - 5 Pounds

Length: 12" - 16"

Pacific Barracuda

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck

Weight: 10 - 15 Pounds

Length: 40" - 57"

Pacific Bluefin Tuna

Habitat: Offshore

Weight: 130 - 907 Pounds

Length: 48" - 120"

Pacific Cod

Habitat: Continent Shelf, Upper Slopes, Deepwater

Weight: 11 - 50 Pounds

Length: 0" - 47"

Pacific Halibut

Habitat: Continental Shelf, Offshore

Weight: 20 - 500 Pounds

Length: 0" - 96"

Pacific Herring

Habitat: Inlets, Sounds, Estuaries, Bays

Weight: 1 - 2 Pounds

Length: 1" - 18"

Peacock Bass

Habitat: River, Lake

Weight: 6 - 15 Pounds

Length: 10" - 29"

Permit

Habitat: Inshore, Flats, Offshore, Reefs, Jetties

Weight: 10 - 60 Pounds

Length: 24" - 48"

Petrale Sole

Habitat: Offshore

Weight: 4 - 8 Pounds

Length: 14" - 24"

Pike-Perch

Habitat: Rivers, Lakes

Weight: 1 - 11 Pounds

Length: 15" - 39"

Pilotfish

Habitat: Offshore

Weight: 0 - Pounds

Length: 0" - 28"

Pinfish

Habitat: Seagrass Flats, Mangrove Swamps, Corals rich with Barnacles

Weight: 1 - 3 Pounds

Length: 4" - 16"

Pink Salmon

Habitat: Onshore, Lake, River

Weight: 3 - 5 Pounds

Length: 20" - 30"

Pollock

Habitat: Offshore, Nearshore

Weight: 4 - 15 Pounds

Length: 24" - 36"

Porbeagle Shark

Habitat: Offshore, Continental Shelves, Slopes, Inshore

Weight: 300 - 550 Pounds

Length: 60" - 140"

Pumpkinseed

Habitat: Lake, River

Weight: 1 - 1 Pounds

Length: 4" - 16"

Queen Triggerfish

Habitat: Onshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck

Weight: 6 - 12 Pounds

Length: 11" - 24"

Rainbow Trout

Habitat: River, Lake

Weight: 1 - 20 Pounds

Length: 16" - 48"

Red Grouper

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck, Ocean Floor

Weight: 12 - 25 Pounds

Length: 17" - 35"

Red Hind

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore, Reef

Weight: 3 - 10 Pounds

Length: 12" - 30"

Red Snapper

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck

Weight: 5 - 20 Pounds

Length: 19" - 39"

Redbreast Sunfish

Habitat: River, Lake, Backcountry

Weight: 1 - 2 Pounds

Length: 4" - 12"

Redear Sunfish

Habitat: Lake, River, Pond, Streams

Weight: 0 - 5 Pounds

Length: 6" - 17"

Redeye Bass

Habitat: Stream, River, Ponds, Lakes, Creeks

Weight: 1 - 8 Pounds

Length: 9" - 19"

Redfish

Habitat: Onshore, Flats, Backcountry, Nearshore

Weight: 10 - 45 Pounds

Length: 30" - 61"

River Carpsucker

Habitat: Stream, Silt-Bottom Pool, Backwater

Weight: 1 - 2 Pounds

Length: 9" - 22"

Rock Bass

Habitat: Lake, Stream Pools, Vegetation, Rocky Bottom

Weight: 1 - 3 Pounds

Length: 6" - 17"

Roosterfish

Habitat: Southern California, Pero, Panama, Costa Rica

Weight: 50 - 114 Pounds

Length: 48" - 64"

Rudd

Habitat: Lake, River, Backwater

Weight: 2 - 5 Pounds

Length: 14" - 24"

Salmon Shark

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore

Weight: 210 - 1000 Pounds

Length: 72" - 120"

Sand Perch

Habitat: Inshore, Flats, Reefs, Wrecks

Weight: 1 - 2 Pounds

Length: 4" - 11"

Sand Tiger Shark

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Coral Reefs, Estuaries

Weight: 191 - 350 Pounds

Length: 78" - 126"

Sandbar Shark

Habitat: Continental Shelves, Oceanic Banks

Weight: 143 - 260 Pounds

Length: 20" - 71"

Sauger

Habitat: Rivers, Lakes, Tributaries, Streams,

Weight: 1 - 8 Pounds

Length: 12" - 21"

Scalloped Hammerhead

Habitat: Inshore, Offshore

Weight: 60 - 64 Pounds

Length: 59" - 169"

Scamp Grouper

Habitat: Nearshore, Offshore, Reef

Weight: -13 - 32 Pounds

Length: 12" - 42"

Scup

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Reef

Weight: 2 - 4 Pounds

Length: 10" - 18"

Sea Trout

Habitat: Inshore, Nearshore, Covered River

Weight: 1 - 6 Pounds

Length: 20" - 55"

Shad

Habitat: Lake, River

Weight: 2 - 5 Pounds

Length: 6" - 25"

Sheepshead

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck

Weight: 1 - 8 Pounds

Length: 14" - 20"

Shoal Bass

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Rivers, Rocky Shoals

Weight: 4 - 8 Pounds

Length: 20" - 24"

Shortfin Mako Shark

Habitat: Offshore

Weight: 150 - 300 Pounds

Length: 72" - 150"

Shortnose Gar

Habitat: Lake, River, Backwater

Weight: 5 - 6 Pounds

Length: 25" - 35"

Skipjack Tuna

Habitat: Offshore, Temperate Waters

Weight: 18 - 76 Pounds

Length: 30" - 43"

Smallmouth Bass

Habitat: Lake, River

Weight: 1 - 4 Pounds

Length: 12" - 27"

Smallmouth Buffalo

Habitat: Lake, River, Tributaries

Weight: 20 - 50 Pounds

Length: 16" - 44"

Smalltooth Sawfish

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore

Weight: 600 - 720 Pounds

Length: 0" - 300"

Snook

Habitat: Inshore, Flats, Backcountry

Weight: 12 - 29 Pounds

Length: 16" - 50"

Snowy Grouper

Habitat: Offshore, Reef, Wreck, Deep Water

Weight: 24 - 30 Pounds

Length: 30" - 38"

Sockeye Salmon

Habitat: Inshore, Lake, River

Weight: 4 - 14 Pounds

Length: 0" - 33"

Southern Flounder

Habitat: Onshore, Inshore, Channels, Rivers

Weight: 1 - 4 Pounds

Length: 12" - 33"

Southern Kingcroaker

Habitat: Onshore, Rivermouth

Weight: 1 - 3 Pounds

Length: 12" - 20"

Southern Sennet

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore, Offshore, Reef, Wreck

Weight: 1 - 2 Pounds

Length: 18" - 24"

Spadefish

Habitat: Onshore, Nearshore

Weight: 3 - 14 Pounds

Length: 12" - 36"